|Congressional Boundaries||Drawn by legislature|
|State Boundaries||Drawn by legislature|
Census-related Redistricting Timeline Delays
|Final Map Deadline||2022-03-18|
|Actions Proposed in State||Special session|
State LegislativeAlert: Severe
|Final Map Deadline||2021-06-01|
Constitutional - end of the first session after the census is taken
|Actions Proposed in State||Special session|
Nevada's state legislative and congressional districts are drawn by the Legislature by ordinary statute, and are subject to the Governor's veto, which the Legislature cannot override.
In addition to the federal requirements of one person, one vote and the Voting Rights Act, Nevada’s state constitution (Art. IV § 5) requires that state legislative districts respect county boundaries. In 2011, a Nevada state court issued additional criteria for the special masters drawing both state legislative and congressional districts, ordering them to consider contiguity, political subdivisions, communities of interest, compactness, and avoiding pairing incumbents.
In 2019, Nevada passed AB 450, ending the practice of prison gerrymandering and reassigning currently incarcerated populations to their last-known place of residence for the purpose of redistricting.
In the last redistricting cycle, legislative rules required the redistricting committees to seek “the widest range of public input.” This includes providing opportunities for any member of the public to present redistricting plans, and holding hearings in rural and southern portions of the state. The committees held hearings between March 10 and April 2, 2011.
In the 2011 redistricting cycle, Governor Sandoval repeatedly vetoed both the legislative and congressional maps. The Legislature thus failed to pass redistricting plans, and the matter fell to the courts. Three special masters were appointed to draw the lines, and they released both plans and a report in October 2011. The trial court modified those plans slightly before approving them.
Nevada's state government is currently under a Democratic trifecta. This means that Democrats have single-party control over redistricting, which increases the risk of partisan and racial gerrymandering.
The Legislature is currently considering a constitutional amendment to create a bipartisan redistricting commission. The bill is the same as the ballot initiative filed by Fair Maps Nevada in 2019 and 2020. With the challenges of signature-gathering during the public health crisis, the initiative had only received twelve percent of the required signatures before the deadline, despite being granted an extension in Fair Maps Nevada v. Cegavske.
- This amendment would create a seven-member independent redistricting commission and require a redrawing of the district map in 2023. Four of the members would be appointed by the four legislative leaders, and those four would then choose three commissioners unaffiliated with either major party. Final approval of maps would require five votes, with at least one vote per partisan category.
- The commission would be required to hold public meetings and ensure ample opportunity for public participation, including presenting testimony. All the commission's materials would be public record. Prior to voting on a plan, the commission would make the proposed plan public and allow sufficient time for public review and comment.
- The amendment would also enshrine redistricting criteria into the state constitution, ranked in order of priority. The criteria begins with compliance with federal law, equal population between districts, and contiguity. Next, districts would be prohibited from denying or abridging the voting rights of racial and language minorities and giving undue partisan advantage or disadvantage on a statewide basis. Then, districts would have to reflect political boundaries and communities of interest, and be reasonably compact. Lastly, the criteria would require districts that are competitive.
In 2021, participate in the Legislature’s public input process.
- Obtain Nevada redistricting data from OpenPrecincts.
- Start to plan out what defines your community – whether it’s a shared economic interest, school districts, or other social or other cultural, historical, or economic interests – and how that can be represented on a map. This will come in handy once the Legislature starts collecting feedback.
- Use software tools such as Dave's Redistricting App and Districtr to draw district maps showing either (a) what a fair map would look like, or (b) where the community you believe should be better represented is located.