Minnesota
Congressional BoundariesDrawn by legislature
State BoundariesDrawn by legislature
Governor's PartyDemocratic
Legislative PartySenate: Republican; House: Democratic

Scored Maps from the Redistricting Report Card

Minnesota 2021 Draft Staff Democratic Congressional Map

Metrics calculated

Wed Nov 24 2021
Minnesota 2021 Draft State Senate Map L2101-0

Metrics calculated

Mon Nov 22 2021
Minnesota 2021 Draft State House Map L2101-0

Metrics calculated

Mon Nov 22 2021

Communities of Interest

Check out Communities of Interest collected in this state on Representable

Learn about Communities of Interest in this state

Census-related Redistricting Timeline Delays

State Legislative

Alert:
Guarded

Congressional

Alert:
Guarded

Process

State Legislature

Minnesota's state legislative and congressional districts are drawn by the state Legislature by ordinary statute, and are subject to the Governor's veto. The Legislature can override vetoes with a two-thirds vote in each chamber.

Criteria

In addition to the federal requirements of one person, one vote and the Voting Rights Act, Minnesota’s state constitution (Art. IV § 3) requires that state legislative and congressional districts be contiguous. State statute (Stat 2.91) also requires districts to preserve political subdivisions. In recent redistricting cycles, additional guidelines have been proposed and adopted by both the Legislature and courts, requiring districts to preserve communities of interest and prohibiting the intentional favoring or disfavoring of incumbents. 

Public Input

In the 2011 redistricting cycle, the House Redistricting Committee held a series of public hearings between February and May 2011. A special judicial panel on redistricting held an additional 8 public meetings in October 2011, and a final public hearing on January 4, 2012. The panel also accepted map proposals from the public, with a special emphasis on identifying communities of interest.

In addition, there were strong citizen efforts to promote more public involvement in redistricting. Draw the Lines Minnesota held its own public hearings across the state in August 2011. Common Cause Minnesota organized a redistricting contest and offered redistricting tutorials to expand access to mapping tools and opportunities.

2011 Cycle

In the 2011 redistricting cycle, Governor Mark Dayton vetoed the Legislature’s state legislative and congressional redistricting plans, stating that they were designed to protect incumbents and failed to gain bipartisan support. After the Legislature failed to pass a plan by the deadline, the chief justice of the state Supreme Court created a five-member judicial redistricting panel. The panel accepted public map submissions along with proposals from both major parties. On February 21, 2012, the panel issued final plans for state legislative and congressional districts.

Issues

Pitfalls

The Minnesota State Senate won a narrow Republican majority in the 2020 elections, avoiding a Democratic trifecta. Split-party control of redistricting serves as a roadblock to partisan gerrymandering. However, the close party control and hyperpolarization may lead to deadlock.

Potential Reform

HF 1605, and its companion bill SF 2575, would have created a nonpartisan advisory commission of five retired judges and twelve additional citizens to draw maps through an open and transparent process with significant public input. The bills were sponsored by Common Cause Minnesota. While HF 1605 passed the House in 2019, it was not enacted by the Senate. The bill was revised for the 2020 session, but died after the Legislature adjourned in May.

Actions

In 2021, participate in the Legislature’s public input process.

  • Obtain Minnesota redistricting data from OpenPrecincts.
  • Start to plan out what defines your community – whether it’s a shared economic interest, school districts, or other social or other cultural, historical, or economic interests – and how that can be represented on a map. This will come in handy once the Legislature starts collecting feedback.
  • Use software tools such as Dave's Redistricting App and Districtr to draw district maps showing either (a) what a fair map would look like, or (b) where the community you believe should be better represented is located.

Read the Common Cause Activist Handbook on Redistricting Reform to learn about what reforms have been successful in the past, and what steps to take to enact reform in the future. While the deadline to change the constitutional process for this redistricting cycle has passed, it is never too early to plan and organize for reforms.

Contacts

Common Cause Minnesota

Clean Elections Minnesota

Sources

All About Redistricting

NCSL

Ballotpedia

Minnesota Secretary of State